Hand holing Soil created from Home Composting kitchen scraps or vegetables and fruit along with fall leaves and grass clippings.  Final product dark brown earth rich with nutrients and worms to spread around the garden.
Home - Garden
What The Color Of Your Garden Soil Really Means
White topsoil is usually sand, which is eroded material from the nearby landscape. It has no nutritional value and doesn't nurture plant life.
Light-colored subsoil layers deeper in the ground indicate that lower soil levels have been altered by limestone, which suggests your yard may not have good drainage.
When soil loses its reddish tint and starts taking on gray and green tones, it's a strong indicator that harmful anaerobic bacteria are removing oxygen from the soil.
Yellow soil on the paler side indicates that it’s leached of nutrients. However, if the yellow is a rich shade, it means there are high amounts of iron oxide in the soil.
Although yellow soil isn't ideal, it may work for raising hardier plant varieties. Mangoes, oranges, and potatoes are common fruits and vegetables grown under these conditions.
Reddish-colored earth has lots of iron oxide and clay, making it good for fruits and vegetables. If it’s bright red, it's draining well and great for acidic-favoring plants.
However, if the red color appears washed out, there are few nutrients present. Very dark red soil may be oversaturated, which can lead to dangerous bacterial growth.
Middle-toned brown dirt contains moderate amounts of nutrients, minerals, and moisture. Although it isn't as ideal as deeper brown soil, it has the potential to sustain life.