Philodendron Varieties That Make For Beautiful Houseplants

Philodendron is a common household plant that's great for beginners due to its simple maintenance requirements. For instance, although philodendrons typically need to be lightly watered whenever the top of the soil is dry, they're forgiving plants that don't mind a few days without moisture. Additionally, there are two types to be aware of: vining and non-climbing. Vining varieties are for those who desire something dramatic and tall that can wrap around a structure, and non-climbing philodendrons are simpler options that can be planted in a container.

Of those two types, there are about 450 known varieties depicting different shapes, patterns, and colors. The more common types of philodendrons will have green foliage; however, there are also copper, red, and purple options with either green, red, or white veining. This plant definitely knows how to put on a stunning display, and we're going to reveal the top 10 varieties that would make an excellent addition to your home.

1. Heartleaf philodendron

The heartleaf philodendron (Philodendron scandens) gets its name from the delicate, heart-shaped leaves it produces. This adorable vine can grow up to 4 feet long and can be used to decorate bookshelves, tables, and walls. However, in order to encourage a full appearance, it's important to trim the top during its earlier stages. Additionally, this variety enjoys moist areas and a light, watery spray against its leaves a few times a day. 

2. Congo rojo

Unlike the previous variety, the congo rojo (Philodendron rojo) does not grow into a vine but simply expands from all angles, reaching a width and height of about 2 feet. As you may know, rojo means red in Spanish, which is seen along the leaves and stem, complementing the shades of green. This philodendron variety prefers well-draining, acidic to neutral soil and requires partial to full shade.

3. Philo Birkin

Philo birkins (Philodendron  birkin) produce green leaves with striking white strips, adding a unique flare in whatever space they're placed. The houseplant prefers full to partial shade and requires occasional watering to avoid drying out. And although this plant is beautiful, it's important to keep it away from pets and children due to its toxic nature caused by the calcium oxalate it contains. 

4. Philodendron pink princess

The philodendron pink princess (Philodendron erubescens) may be the most beautiful variety of them all. This is because its green leaves appear as though they've been painted with different shades of pink, ranging from darker hues to pastels. However, in order to keep the leaves pink, you'll need to ensure this plant receives six hours of indirect light per day, otherwise, the leaves will remain green. Additionally, this variety is a vine plant, but many people choose to trim it down to create a fuller appearance.

5. Philodendron laciniatum

Philodendron laciniatums (Philodendron laciniatum) generate oddly shaped leaves perfect for an eclectic space. It's also a climbing plant that prefers humid areas, filtered lighting, and daily watering. But, like other varieties, overwatering is likely to lead to root rot. 

6. Philodendron majesty

The philodendron majesty (Philodendron majesty) is an excellent choice for those who require a dark, contrasting accent piece. Its long, heart-shaped leaves are dark purple on top and red underneath. However, the leaves take on a copper shade during its early stages. There are even times when the leaves appear to be a metallic blue. It can also grow about 6 to 15 feet long, so it'll require occasional pruning. 

7. Billietiae

If you want a plant with leaves that are large and in charge, look no further than the billietiae (Philodendron billietiae). Its leaves are able to grow 3 feet tall and 5 feet wide, making this variety a potential focal point in any home. Also, if you regularly take care of this plant, it may also produce white flowers. The billietiae typically needs well-drained soil and bright, filtered light.

8. Lemon lime heartleaf

The lemon lime heartleaf (Philodendron hederaceum lemon lime) is similar to the heartleaf philodendron due to its heart-shaped leaves, but this variety is different because it generates a bright yellow color, giving it a fresh and cheerful appearance. However, it doesn't stay yellow and will eventually turn green once it has matured. This plant prefers indirect light and enough water to soak the soil, but too much water will decrease the vibrancy of the yellow hue. So, only rewater when the top of the soil is dry. 

9. Black gold philodendron

The leaves of the black gold philodendron (Philodendron melanochrysum) grow about 2 feet long and need about 4 to 5 feet of space in order to grow vertically. But what's really eye-catching about this variety is the contrast between the dark green leaves and its light green veining. And during its early stages, the leaves typically take on a bronze hue. This plant prefers sitting next to a window while basking in filtered lighting. 

10. Tree philodendron

For a truly tropical feel, we suggest taking a look at the tree philodendron (Philodendron selloum). Its overall height and width reach 6 feet, while its wavy, crinkled leaves can grow 3 to 4 feet long. When it comes to maintenance requirements, the soil of tree philodendrons needs to be quick-draining and loamy and be kept consistently moist.