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Here's How Many Cucumbers Can Come From A Plant With The Right Conditions

If you're new to growing cucumbers, you're in for an exciting summer season. These plants grow vigorously and produce lots of fruit, which ripen much faster than you would think. In fact, you can expect a single cucumber plant to yield between as many as five fruits per week during the harvest, which generally lasts under a month outdoors. With this production capacity, you can plant about three cucumber plants per person in your household, and you're guaranteed to have fresh cukes for the duration of the harvest season.

However, to get the plants producing this many fruit, you'll have to provide your cucumbers with ideal growing conditions. These include adequate (but careful) irrigation, plenty of warmth, pruning as needed, and regular picking. And to really set your plants up for a bountiful harvest, you should consider growing the cucumbers vertically using a trellis. Below, you'll find out why cucumbers yield the most fruit when growing upwards, and learn how to care for them to get as many cukes as possible during the harvest.

Growing cucumbers on a trellis improves their productivity

Growing cucumbers on a trellis improves the plants' productivity in several ways. Most importantly, trellising the cucumbers guides the vines' growth upward. This ascending growth creates layers out of the plants' leaves, which helps the foliage absorb solar energy. What's more, this vertical configuration makes it easier for you to see new cukes as they ripen, and frequent harvesting encourages continued production. Finally, trellised cucumbers stay suspended above the ground, and this keeps them away from pests and fungal infections, which are easier to contract from the soil. Likewise, you will get far less foliage wet or splashed with soil during irrigation, which also reduces the risk of infecting your cucumbers with fungus. With less chance of succumbing to pests or diseases, the plants are more likely to reward you with a generous harvest.

You a few options for growing cucumbers on a trellis. One way is to install the trellis in the cucumber beds before planting. This Otosunny Trellis from Amazon is a good example of what the contraptions look like, but pick one that fits the dimensions of your beds and doesn't get in the way of gardening. Next, sow the seeds around the trellis, and it will usher the seedlings upward when they sprout. Alternatively, wait for the seeds to germinate, then place the trellis next to them. In either case, prune the bottom leaves off to promote air circulation beneath the plant.

How to properly care for trellised cucumbers

Once the vines start climbing up the trellis, it's a good idea to string them. Stringing helps guide the vines' ascent, as they may get off track without it. Making connections between the trellis and the cucumber vines also helps come harvest season — the strings will help hold up the vines as the fruits they support become heavy. To tie the vines, use a jute twine like the Twisted Jute Twine from Home Depot, and fasten the plant to the trellis every 3 inches. As the plant continues its upward path, add more of these connections to guide the vines in the right direction.

Cucumber plants need a warm, consistently moist environment to thrive and produce lots of fruit. Irrigate the cucumbers frequently with small quantities of water, but be careful not to drench the plants to the point where the soil is soggy. If the vines are beginning to sprawl all over the trellis, consider removing the shoots' tips — this will refocus the plant's efforts on producing cukes. As the plant grows, keep an eye on and quickly get rid of cucumber beetles, as these can decimate your crops. After fruits appear, pick them once they've reached full size — the ideal dimensions will differ depending on the variety you're growing. Waiting too long to harvest cucumbers will cause the fruit to over-ripen and slow down production. This is one of many mistakes you should avoid when growing cucumbers on a trellis.